Home Science Tech New POP Atomic Clock Design Achieves State-of-the-Art Frequency Stability

New POP Atomic Clock Design Achieves State-of-the-Art Frequency Stability

Chinese researchers have developed a pulsed optically pumped (POP) atomic clock with a frequency stability of 4.7 × 10-15 at 104 seconds based on a new design. The achievement is noteworthy because atomic clocks — often considered the most stable frequency standard for timekeeping — are crucial components in global navigation systems and international communication services, and frequency stability is key to their accuracy.

POP atomic clocks are an important research focus because they are lightweight and show excellent frequency stability. The research was led by DENG Jianliao from the Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (SIOM) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Results were published in Review of Scientific Instruments. Deng Jianliao, the corresponding author of the paper, said:

The new design uses a compact optical module consisting of a distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) laser and an acousto-optic modulator in a POP vapor-cell rubidium atomic clock. Containing the physics package in a sealed vacuum chamber improved temperature control and also reduced the negative influence of the barometric effect.

DENG noted that the atomic clock is “sensitive to the fluctuations of many parameters,” thus making it a challenge to optimize medium- to long-term frequency stability in laser-based vapor-cell clocks, such as POP clocks. The frequency stability of 4.7 × 10-15 at 104 seconds achieved by the new design “is comparable to the state-of-the-art POP rubidium clock,” according to the study.

The researchers are now working to improve frequency stability at an average time greater than 104 seconds and are also seeking to further reduce temperature sensitivity.

Provided by: Chinese Academy of Sciences [Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.]

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  • Troy was born and raised in Australia and has always wanted to know why and how things work, which led him to his love for science. He is a professional photographer and enjoys taking pictures of Australia's beautiful landscapes. He is also a professional storm chaser where he currently lives in Hervey Bay, Australia.

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