Inner Mongolia is located on the northern frontier of China, spanning across the northeast, north, and northwest of China. The Inner Mongolia Plateau is broad and open, with an altitude of 2000-4500 feet. The terrain is higher in the west and south than it is in the east and north. The plateau and the basin are separated from each other, creating a vast area of grasslands.
There are 18,470,000 people of Han nationality, accounting for 79 percent of the total population; 4,000,000 more are Mongolian, accounting for 17 percent of the total population. There are other minorities as well, and a total of 49 nationalities live there.
Inner Mongolia has diverse industries: energy, chemicals, metallurgy, equipment manufacturing, agricultural and livestock products, and high-tech. Inner Mongolia has a wide variety of regional climates. The winters are very long, cold, and dry, with frequent blizzards, although snowfall is light .
The spring is short, mild, and arid, with large, dangerous sandstorms, while the summer is very warm to hot, and relatively humid, except in the west.
The grasslands, forests, and per capita cultivated land area in Inner Mongolia rank No.1 in China, with its reserves of rare earth metals ranking No. 1 in the world. Inner Mongolia has China’s largest area of grasslands. Local residents mainly work in the livestock industry for a living.
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