Stonehenge has had a lot of speculation and theories in its time, but what we do know is that Stonehenge aligns with the midsummer sunrise.
However, a site steward at the monument believes that the tallest stone should be in line with the midwinter sun.
“The largest stone at Stonehenge is not where it ‘should’ be, it is twisted, this stone, Stone 56, is the tallest one at the end of the inner horseshoe of sarsen stones, because it was put back to the vertical in 1901 it has been assumed that the twist is the result of the modern excavators botching the job,” Tim Daw said to the BBC.
Secrets of Stonehenge—Documentary:
Daw’s research, published in the Wiltshire Archaeological & Natural History Magazine, said: “My research shows that not only was the standing stone out of symmetry with the central solstice alignment originally, but that its now fallen partner had also been, and so were surrounding stones, including the Altar Stone.”
Daw was also the person who found evidence that the outer stone circle at Stonehenge was once complete. Daw said that his newly discovered alignment was at 80 degrees to the line of the axis of the monument, which points to midsummer solstice sunrise and midwinter sunset, wrote the BBC.
“The stones point to the midwinter solstice sunrise and midsummer sunset. This alignment had been missed by previous investigators… as they used an idealized plan, rather than an actual plan, for their calculations.”
Rewriting Stonehenge’s history:
“This isn’t some nebulous sighting line on a distant star; this is 100 tons of stone deliberately pointing to the major event at the other end of the day the rest of the monument celebrates. One stone out of line might be a coincidence, but that it is five of the major stones, at least, show it was a designed feature. It shows what can be discovered by simple observation even in such a well-researched site as Stonehenge,” he added.
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David Dawson, Director of the Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Society (WANHS), said: “This is an interesting new idea which highlights the ‘skew’ of the Stonehenge trilithons, which has been known for some time. It highlights the significance of the summer and winter solstices at Stonehenge, and the 80 degree angle between them.
“We know that the Bush Barrow lozenge, on display at the Wiltshire Museum, hints at this same significant astronomical feature. There will now be a debate between archaeologists and a re-examination of the evidence to test this new hypothesis.”